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2023年01月09日 7650

Editor's note: What are the main objectives for economic and social development of Central China's Henan province during the 14th Five-Year Plan period (2021-2025)? How to establish a modern industrial system and build a stronger digital economy during the period? Starting on September 26, 2022, we are launching the "Wonderful Henan·Here We Are" bilingual series, bringing you in-depth coverage about The Outline of the 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-2025) for National Economic and Social Development and Vision 2035 of Henan Province. The following is the 5th story of the series: A new journey towards a modern socialist Henan province (Part I).


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Development Environment (Part I)


Henan Province has now entered a new stage of development on a stronger foundation, though profound and complex changes have taken place in the conditions under which we pursue our development goals. We are facing new opportunities and challenges.


During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, in the face of the complicated international situation and domestic challenges related to advancing reforms and development while maintaining stability, particularly under the grave impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the CPC Henan Provincial Committee and the provincial government, under the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, have followed the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era and kept Xi Jinping's earnest expectations and commands firmly in mind. We have fully implemented the decisions and arrangements of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, have united and led the people in Henan Province to build up momentum in focusing on major issues and seeking a long-term vision, and to forge ahead in overcoming difficulties. Overall, the goals and tasks of the 13th Five-Year Plan have been fulfilled. Henan Province has made great and historic achievements in building a moderately well-off society and has taken a big stride towards the magnificent cause of Henan. In particular, the ecological conservation and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin have been elevated to a national strategy in China. A number of major strategic platforms pertaining to the long-term development of Henan Province have been approved and established. The position and role of Henan Province in the overall situation of China have become more prominent.


Farmers busy harvesting camellia seeds in Guangshan county, Xinyang city. [Photo provided to dahe.cn]

The comprehensive strength of Henan Province has increased significantly. The economic aggregate has reached a new height from 4 trillion yuan to 5 trillion yuan (RMB), and per capita disposable income has approached 25,000 yuan, both having achieved the goal of doubling the figure of 2010 one year ahead of schedule. The total government revenue has surpassed 620 billion yuan, and the general public budget expenditure has exceeded 1 trillion yuan, rising by 41.5% and 52.7% respectively. The "financial corps of Henan Province" has grown, with the balance of deposits and loans of financial institutions exceeding 7 trillion yuan and 6 trillion yuan respectively. The gross value of imports and exports rose by 44.7% to RMB 665.48 billion. The supply-side structural reform has been deepened, and the grain output has surpassed 65 million tons for four consecutive years. With the "three major reforms" fully implemented in the manufacturing sector, the equipment and food manufacturing industries have picked up pace to reach the level of trillion. With the rapid development of strategic emerging industries and digital economy, Kunpeng computing industry, led by the local brand "Huanghe", is taking shape. The value-added service industry accounts for nearly 50%. With the supporting role of scientific and technological innovation being leveraged, the leading role of the Zhengzhou-Luoyang-Xinxiang National Independent Innovation Demonstration Zone has been continuously strengthened. Major platforms, such as the National Innovation Center for Bio-breeding Industry, the National Innovation Center for Agricultural Machinery Equipment, and the National Supercomputing Center in Zhengzhou, have been approved and established. The number of high-tech enterprises has increased by 4971, more than quadrupled.


Farmers harvesting traditional Chinese medicine herbs at a farmland in Lingbao city. [Photo provided to dahe.cn]

Remarkable achievements have been made in the fight against daunting issues. Rural residents living below China's current poverty threshold shook off poverty; 53 designated poor counties in Henan Province all got rid of poverty; regional poverty was eradicated in the "three mountains and one bottomland area" – the Dabieshan Mountains, the Funiushan Mountains, the Taihangshan Mountains and the Yellow River Bottomland; Henan Province accomplished the poverty alleviation tasks as planned – a key goal for the new era of building socialism with Chinese characteristics. Solid steps have been taken to fight against pollution to improve air, water and soil quality. Energy consumption per unit of GDP has nearly fallen by 25%. The annual average concentration of PM2.5 and PM10 has been lowered by 30%. State-controlled water sections with poor-quality surface water below Grade V have been eliminated. The soil quality remains stable, and considerable improvements have been made in land afforestation. The ecological corridor along the Yellow River is taking shape. Significant progress has been made in ecological improvement. All environmental indicators have reached the best level in the past five years. Financial risks and local government debt risks have been resolved, while no systemic risks or regional risks arose.


Zhengzhou East Railway Station. [Photo provided to dahe.cn]

The infrastructure construction has been consistently strengthened. With the Henan sections of the Zhengzhou-Xuzhou High-speed Railway, the Zhenghzhou-Fuyang High-speed Railway, the Shangqiu-Hefei-Hangzhou High-speed Railway, the Zhengzhou-Taiyuan High-speed Railway, and the Zhengzhou-Chongqing High-speed Railway put into operation, the "米"-shaped high-speed railway network has been basically established. Highways provide access to all administrative counties in Henan Province. The construction of Northern Freight Zone Phase Ⅲ in Zhengzhou Airport began. Water transportation through the Huaihe River and the Shaying River has been developed. The comprehensive transportation channels in the shape of the Chinese characters "米" and "井", and the multi-tiered transportation hub system have basically takenshape. The Qinghai-to-Henan Electricity Diversion Project has been put into use. The total installed capacity of electricity has exceeded 100 million kilowatts, with the installed capacity of renewable energy accounting for over 28%. The natural gas pipeline network has covered over 90% of administrative counties in Henan Province. The energy mix has been consistently optimized. Remarkable achievements have been made in the coordinated governance of "four waters" – water resources, water ecology, water environment, and water disasters. The building of ten major water conservancy projects including the Chushandian Water Reservoir and the Qianping Water Reservoir for water storage, the Yangtze-to-Huaihe River Water Diversion Project, and the irrigation areas on the south and north bank of Xiaolangdi Project on the Yellow River have been accelerated. The national backbone network interconnection nodes in Zhengzhou have been expanded and speeded up. Full coverage of 5G network has been achieved in the cities at the county level and above in Henan Province.


A special thanks goes to the Office of the Foreign Affairs Commission of the CPC Henan Provincial Committee and the School of International Studies of Zhengzhou University for their support to the "Wonderful Henan·Here We Are" bilingual series.


统筹:李敬欣 张培君






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