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【双语新闻】河南新石器时代考古“上新”④|苏羊遗址:发现龙山时期大型墓地

2022年12月07日 9224
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Editor's note: The latest archaeological discoveries and findings of the Neolithic sites of Yangshao, Beiyangping, Huangshan and Suyang have been released at the 1st Yangshao Forum held in Sanmenxia city of Henan province on November 27, providing solid evidence for tracing the origins of Chinese civilization. Starting December 1, we are launching the "Latest Neolithic Archaeological Findings in Henan" series. Here is the last episode: Large cemetery of the Longshan Culture period discovered at the Suyang site.

编者按:11月27日,在三门峡举办的首届仰韶论坛上,河南省考古工作者披露了渑池仰韶村遗址、灵宝北阳平遗址、南阳黄山遗址、宜阳苏羊遗址等取得的考古新发现、研究新认识,为探索中华文明起源提供了新实证。12月1日起,大河网推出四期双语报道——河南新石器时代考古“上新”,与您一起走进河南省新石器时代考古最新发现。今日推出最后一期:《苏羊遗址:发现龙山时期大型墓地》。


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Since March 2021, archaeological excavation has been progressing at the Suyang site in Suyang village of Luoyang city, Central China's Henan province. Apart from the remains of 1 ring trench, 42 houses, 256 ash pits and 1 multi-burial tomb of the Yangshao Culture period (7000-5000 BC), the remains of 1 house, 16 pits, 2 ash trenches and 9 tombs of the Longshan Culture period (2500-2000 BC) were also unearthed. It is worth noting that archaeologists discovered a 15,000-square-meter burial area of the Longshan Culture period here. So far, over 300 neatly arranged tombs have been found in this area.

2021年3月至今,洛阳市文物考古研究院等对苏羊遗址进行了系统的考古调查勘探和发掘。发现了人工环壕、生活区、墓葬区、人工湖沼等重要遗迹现象。考古发掘发现了仰韶时期人工环壕1条、房址42座、灰坑256座,多人埋葬坑1座。同时,发现龙山时期房址1处、灰坑16座、灰沟2条、墓葬9座。通过调查、勘探发现了龙山时期墓葬区,面积约1.5万平方米,目前在此区域已发现300余座排列整齐的墓葬。


The Suyang site. [Photo provided to Henan Daily]


The unearthed relics suggest that Suyang was built in the early Yangshao Culture period and had been in stable existence until the late Longshan Culture period, said Zhao Xiaojun, head of Luoyang Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology. Mixed with other cultures, such as Daxi (4400-3300 BC), Qujialing (3300-2600 BC), Hongshan (4000-3000 BC), Dawenkou (4300-2600 BC), etc., it has provided new materials for the study of cultural exchanges between different regions at that time.

洛阳市文物考古研究院院长赵晓军说,从出土遗物看,苏羊遗址存续时间从仰韶文化早期一直到龙山文化晚期,文化序列从早到晚发展连续稳定,文化谱系一脉相承,且含有大溪、屈家岭、红山、大汶口等诸多文化因素,为不同区域之间的文化交流碰撞提供了新的材料。(中文来源/河南日报 记者/张体义 温小娟 编译/赵汉青 杨佳欣 视频/何蒙贺 播音/实习生陈叶亮 海报/胡瀚泽 审校/陈行洁)


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