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【双语新闻】河南新石器时代考古“上新”③|黄山遗址:发现仰韶中晚期粮仓群

2022年12月06日 9345
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Editor's note: The latest archaeological discoveries and findings of the Neolithic sites of Yangshao, Beiyangping, Huangshan and Suyang have been released at the 1st Yangshao Forum held in Sanmenxia city of Henan province on November 27, providing solid evidence for tracing the origins of Chinese civilization. Starting December 1, we are launching the "Latest Neolithic Archaeological Findings in Henan" series. Here is the third episode: Huangshan site discovers a group of granaries of the mid-to-late Yangshao Culture period.

编者按:11月27日,在三门峡举办的首届仰韶论坛上,河南省考古工作者披露了渑池仰韶村遗址、灵宝北阳平遗址、南阳黄山遗址、宜阳苏羊遗址等取得的考古新发现、研究新认识,为探索中华文明起源提供了新实证。12月1日起,大河网推出四期双语报道——河南新石器时代考古“上新”,与您一起走进河南省新石器时代考古最新发现。今日推出第三期:《黄山遗址:发现仰韶中晚期粮仓群》。


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Archaeological excavation is progressing smoothly at the Huangshan site (an item of China's top 10 new archaeological discoveries of 2021) in Huangshan village of Nanyang city, Central China's Henan province. As of November 2022, over 1,000 cultural relics of the periods of Yangshao Culture (7000-5000 BC), Qujialing Culture (3300-2600 BC) and Shijiahe Culture (3000-1900 BC) have been discovered at the eastern and western parts of the site. During the mid-to-late Yangshao Culture period, round granaries were built densely, including 5 granaries on the same cultural layer, each covering an area of 50 square meters. So far, about one third of the wharf remains have been excavated, with the ruins of Yangshao and Qujialing buildings discovered near the canal.

南阳黄山遗址曾入选2021年度全国十大考古新发现,考古工作一直在进行,截至2022年11月,在山东台地、山西岗地等地进行发掘,出土数以千计的仰韶、屈家岭、石家河文化遗迹。仰韶中晚期,地面圆形粮仓群密集出现,其中面积50平方米粮仓同一层面就有5座。码头清理约三分之一,在岸上发现丰富的仰韶文化、屈家岭文化建筑遗迹。


The Huangshan site. [Photo provided to Henan Daily]


The Huangshan site is used to be a central settlement featured by the production of jade and stone tools in the Neolithic Age, said Ma Juncai, a researcher at the Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology of Henan Province. Other rare remains include large rammed-earth housing foundations of the early Yangshao Culture period, residential buildings and workshops of the mid-to-late Yangshao Culture period, a group of granaries with similar volumes, multi-burial tombs, large wharf and canal, a wide ring trench, etc.

河南省文物考古研究院研究员马俊才介绍,黄山遗址是一处新石器时代仰韶文化、屈家岭文化、石家河文化玉石器制作特征明显的中心性聚落。仰韶早期大型夯基房址、中晚期坊居建筑与作坊址、形制体量类似的粮仓群、多人一次性合葬墓、规模很大的码头与运河、宽大的西外壕等遗迹极其罕见。(中文来源/河南日报 记者/张体义 温小娟 编译/赵汉青 杨佳欣 视频/何蒙贺 播音/实习生陈叶亮 海报/胡瀚泽 审校/焦丹)


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