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【双语新闻】河南新石器时代考古“上新”②|北阳平遗址:发现多重环壕

2022年12月06日 8936
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Editor's note: The latest archaeological discoveries and findings of the Neolithic sites of Yangshao, Beiyangping, Huangshan and Suyang have been released at the 1st Yangshao Forum held in Sanmenxia city of Henan province on November 27, providing solid evidence for tracing the origins of Chinese civilization. Starting December 1, we are launching the "Latest Neolithic Archaeological Findings in Henan" series. Here is the second episode: Ring trenches discovered at the Beiyangping site.

编者按:11月27日,在三门峡举办的首届仰韶论坛上,河南省考古工作者披露了渑池仰韶村遗址、灵宝北阳平遗址、南阳黄山遗址、宜阳苏羊遗址等取得的考古新发现、研究新认识,为探索中华文明起源提供了新实证。12月1日起,大河网推出四期双语报道——河南新石器时代考古“上新”,与您一起走进河南省新石器时代考古最新发现。今日推出第二期:《北阳平遗址:发现多重环壕》。


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Over the past 10 months of 2022, 7 house ruins and 2 ring trenches of the Yangshao Culture period (7000-5000 BC) have been discovered at the northern, central and southern parts of the Beiyangping site in Beiyangping village of Lingbao city, Central China's Henan province. Among the 7 house ruins, F5 is a large semi-crypt-type house in round-cornered square shape, with 2 facilities for fire use and bedroom surface painted red. It is worth noting that with a remaining area of 172 square meters and an internal floor space of about 150 square meters, F5 is the largest one ever discovered at the site.

灵宝铸鼎原联合考古队2022年继续在北阳平遗址北部及中南部发掘,发现仰韶文化房址7座、壕沟2条等。房址中F5为大型圆角方形半地穴式,现存面积172平方米、房内面积约150平方米,是该遗址目前发现的最大房址,房内有2处用火设施,居住面涂朱。


全国最多!河南十六处大遗址入选国家专项规划

Beiyangping site. [Photo provided to Henan Daily]


Two types of house ruins in the mid Yangshao Culture period have been discovered at the Beiyangping site: the crypt-type and the semi-crypt-type varying from large, medium to small size, said Wei Xingtao, deputy head of Henan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology. The building structure, techniques and materials of the semi-crypt-type houses are basically the same as those in the surrounding sites, indicating that the construction of houses during the mid Yangshao Culture period had shown signs of standardization and maturation. Particularly, the carbonized wood components discovered at F2 provide rare materials for the study of prehistoric Chinese architecture. Besides, 2 of the 3 east-west ring trenches discovered at the southern part of the site are basically of the same age, indicating that during the mid Yangshao Culture period there were 2 or 3 ring trenches at the site's southern area. That is to say, Beiyangping had stronger defense capability at that time.

河南省文物考古研究院副院长魏兴涛说,该遗址已发掘的仰韶中期房址分深穴和半地穴式两种,有大、中、小不同规模,其中半地穴式房址与周边遗址同类房址结构、建造方式、建筑材料等基本一致,表明仰韶中期房屋建造已趋于模式化和成熟化,尤其是F2炭化木构件的发现,为史前建筑研究提供了难得资料。在遗址偏南部勘探发现3条东西向壕沟,其中2条年代基本一致,很可能在仰韶中期聚落南部有二重或三重环壕,初步显示北阳平遗址具有更强防御能力。(中文来源/河南日报 记者/张体义 温小娟 编译/赵汉青 杨佳欣 视频/何蒙贺 播音/实习生陈叶亮 海报/胡瀚泽 审校/李雪)


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