Editor's note: The latest archaeological discoveries and findings of the Neolithic sites of Yangshao, Beiyangping, Huangshan and Suyang have been released at the 1st Yangshao Forum held in Sanmenxia city of Henan province on November 27, providing solid evidence for tracing the origins of Chinese civilization. Starting today, we are launching the "Latest Neolithic Archaeological Findings in Henan" series. Here is the first episode: High-grade housing ruins discovered at the Yangshao site for the first time.
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The fourth archaeological excavation of the Yangshao site commenced on August 22, 2020, and is still in progress. So far, rich cultural remains have been unearthed, including housing, ring trenches, cellars, tombs, etc. It is worth noting that a large housing foundation of the Yangshao Culture (7000-5000 BC) was discovered at the southern part of the site, which is square or rectangular in shape, covers an area of about 130 square meters and is believed to be of the late Yangshao Culture. In the middle of the site are found 4 large manmade ring trenches. The discovery of this high-grade housing foundation provides new evidence for studying not only the site itself, but also the housing structures and building techniques of Yangshao Culture in West Henan.
A newly discovered housing foundation at the Yangshao site. [Photo provided to Henan Daily]
The archaeological excavation deepened the understanding of the cultural connotation of the Yangshao site, unveiling that the site was a large central settlement with rich cultural remains and high academic value in Mianchi basin, said Li Shiwei from the Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology of Henan Province.
河南省文物考古研究院史前考古研究室副主任李世伟说，考古发掘深化了对仰韶村遗址文化内涵的认识，表明该遗址内涵丰富，学术价值较高，是渑池盆地一处大型中心聚落。（中文来源/河南日报 记者/张体义 温小娟 编译/赵汉青 杨佳欣 视频/何蒙贺 播音/实习生陈叶亮 海报/胡瀚泽 审校/张军平）