Henan's Grain Storage Capacity Ranks First in China
Henan is a province with high grain yield and strong grain storage capacity. Its capacity of qualified grain granaries has reached 95.10 million tons, ranking first in China, said a source from the Food and Strategic Reserves Administration of Henan Province on November 22.
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As the old saying goes, "Henan reaps a bumper harvest; the whole nation gets enough food." Enjoying the largest wheat growing area in China, Henan contributes a quarter to China's total wheat production. Besides, its total grain output has exceeded 130 billion jin (1 jin equals to 0.5 kg) for four consecutive years, of which over 70 billion jin was contributed by wheat. With 1/16 of China's arable land, Henan produces 1/10 of the country's grain, which has not only fed its 100 million people, but also contributed over 60 billion jin of raw grain and manufactured products to other provinces. That is to say, Henan has not only secured food supply for the local people, but also strongly backed up the food security of the whole country.
"The hard-won food should be cherished, and the grain storage is not only a key to protect farmer's interests and encourage them to grow more, but also an integral part of safeguarding national food security," said Li Gang, head of the Administration's Reserves Management Division.
At the State Grain Storage of Xinglong in Zhengzhou's northwestern area, rows of modern granaries stand orderly where one granary keeper can manage many granaries simultaneously by oneself via mobile phones.
Granaries of the State Grain Storage of Xinglong in Zhengzhou. [Photo: Wang Zheng/Henan Daily]
"Smart storage technologies help us reduce the loss rate to a minimum of 0.5 percent in 4 years, while 18 percent in a year for local farmers," said a source from the State Grain Storage of Xinglong. "In a sense, loss reduction means production increase."
The State Grain Storage of Xinglong, as Henan's first pilot program for smart granary construction, embodies the province's efforts to enhance grain storage facilities and food security.
In terms of the grain storage security, Henan has invested 8,729 million yuan over the past 5 years to develop high-standard granaries, green storage facilities and emergency response capacity. So far, the storage capacity of the newly-established granaries has reached 1.227 million tons while that of the renovated granaries 2.414 million tons.
With the improvement of grain storage facilities, by the end of 2020, Henan has seen its storage capacity of air-conditioned grain storage technique reaching 2.04 million tons while that of low temperature & quasi-low temperature grain storage techniques 3.69 million tons. Besides, Henan has built 1 smart management platform at the provincial level and 368 smart grain depots, thus basically realizing the connectivity between the provincial smart management platform and different grain depots. By vigorously advancing remote supervision and online monitoring, Henan has ensured the quantity, quality and security of reserved grains and effectively strengthened its emergency response capacity.
随着粮食基础设施不断完善提升，截至去年底，河南省气调储粮仓容达204万吨、低温准低温储粮仓容达369万吨。与此同时，河南省建成省级智能化管理平台1个、智能化粮库365个，逐步实现各粮库与省平台的互联互通，通过大力推进动态远程监管、粮库在线监控，确保库存粮食数量真实、质量良好、储存安全，有效提高了粮食应急保障能力。（中文来源/河南日报 记者/李若凡 编译/赵汉青 播音/王家琦 视频海报/王君艺 审校/焦丹）