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【党代会双语特别策划】百年现代考古学·河南当惊世界殊 | 系列④:河南偃师商城遗址 河南郑州商城遗址

2021年10月26日 9862
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Henan province has 14 items listed among the recent-concluded selection of "China's 100 Major Archaeological Discoveries in Last 100 Years", ranking 1st nationwide.

近日,河南14项考古遗址入选全国“百年百大考古发现”,数量居全国第一。

 

During the 11th Party Congress of Henan Province, we are launching the Archaeological Discovery in Henan: A Marvel in the World series featuring 7 bilingual stories about Henan's 14 items in "China's 100 Major Archaeological Discoveries in Last 100 Years" to demonstrate Henan's long history and rich culture.

为更好地向世界展示河南文化、中国精彩,在中国共产党河南省第十一次代表大会期间,大河网特推出双语特别策划——百年现代考古学·河南当惊世界殊


Here is the 4th episode: The Capital Sites of the Shang Dynasty in Yanshi and Zhengzhou.

今日推出第④期:《河南偃师商城遗址 河南郑州商城遗址》


Click on the video


As a major historical and cultural site protected at the national level in China, the Site of the First Capital of the Shang Dynasty in Yanshi district of Luoyang city, Henan province, is of the Erligang Culture period (or the early Shang Dynasty), marking a separation between the Xia and Shang dynasties. Covering an area of some 2 square meters, it was built by King Tang, the founder of the Shang Dynasty, with Mangshan Mountain to its north and Luohe River to its south.

偃师商城遗址是商朝第一座都城遗址,全国重点文物保护单位,位于洛阳偃师,是一处二里岗文化(商代早期)时期的遗址,夏、商文化界标。为商汤灭夏后所建,总面积约2平方公里。北靠邙山,南临洛水。


The layout of the Site of the First Capital of the Shang Dynasty. [Photo/Luoyang Cultural Heritage Bureau]


The Site of the First Capital of the Shang Dynasty was discovered in 1983, with remains 1 to 4 meters under the seemingly ordinary field. Many rounds of excavations had been conducted by the Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. According to the data of the Xia-Shang-Zhou Chronology Project, it was first built some 3,600 years ago.

偃师商城遗址,覆盖在地面下1-4米,1983年春在配合基建工程中发现。中国社会科学院考古研究所进行多次发掘,根据“夏商周断代工程”提供的系列测年数据,其始建年代被推定为约公元前1600年。

 

The Site of the First Capital of the Shang Dynasty looks rectangular in shape, more than 1,700 meters long from north to south while 1,215 meters to 740 meters wide from east to west, and is composed of a large city, a small city and an imperial city, with the remains of the city gates, roads, palaces, residential compounds discovered in addition to a large number of stone tools, pottery wares, bronze wares, jade, etc.

偃师商城遗址,平面略呈长方形,南北长1700余米,东西宽1215米~740米,包括大城、小城、宫城三重城垣。城址内发现有城门、道路、宫殿、居址等遗迹,并出土大量石器、陶器、铜器、玉器等遗物。

 

In January 2021, the latest findings confirmed that it was equipped with the earliest and most complete urban water system of the Shang Dynasty.

2021年1月,最新考古证实,偃师商城拥有迄今发现商代最早最完备的城市水系。


The Site of the Capital of the Shang Dynasty in Guancheng District of Zhengzhou City, Henan Province, was the location of the capital of the Shang Dynasty during its early and mid period.

郑州商城遗址是商代早中期的都城遗址,位于河南省郑州市管城区内,即今河南省郑州市区偏东部的郑州旧城及北关一带。


The layout of the Site of the Capital of the Shang Dynasty in Zhengzhou. [Photo provided to Dahe Daily]


Dating back to 1465 BC to 1509 BC, it was a grand capital in the pre-Zhou Dynasty period with an area of 25 square kilometers, second only to the Yin Ruins in Henan's Anyang City.

郑州商城遗址,总面积达25平方千米,是先周时期仅次于殷墟的庞大都城遗址,根据碳14测年数据郑州商城为公元前1509-前1465年。

 

Apart from the remains of city walls, rammed-earth foundations for palaces, handicraft workshops, tombs, pits for storing bronze wares and sacrifice, a large number of cultural relics were also discovered, such as bronze wares, pottery wares, proto-porcelains, jade, stone tools, bone implements, ivory products, etc., among which Duling Rectangular Ding is the best known.

郑州商代遗址发现有城墙、宫殿夯土基址、手工作坊、墓葬、青铜器窖藏、祭祀遗址等一大批遗迹,出土了青铜器、陶器、原始瓷器、玉器、石器、骨器、象牙器等大量遗物,其中以杜岭方鼎最为有名。

 

The Site of the Capital of the Shang Dynasty in Zhengzhou is of great value to study the history of the Shang Dynasty and the development of ancient cities.

郑州商城的发掘,对于研究商代历史和古代城市发展史都具有重要价值。(来源:大河网 编译:赵汉青 视频/海报:王君艺 审校:张军平 张玉红)


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