Top 3 Flowers in Henan, Which One Will You PICK?
Home to Chinese roses
A poster of Chinese roses in Nanyang. [Photo/Henan Daily APP and Dingduan News APP]
During the Tang (618-907) and Song (960-1279) dynasties, Nanyang started to cultivate Chinese roses. Later in the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties, such flowers became popular. And today, Chinese roses have developed into an industry. Nanyang has become the largest breeding base for Chinese rose seedling. So far, Nanyang has cultivated more than 6 thousand varieties of Chinese roses with around 100 thousand people working in this field. Nanyang enjoys the enviable title of "Hometown of Chinese Rose", endowed by the State Forestry Administration and the China Flower Association in 2000. Launched in May 2010, the Nanyang Chinese Rose Culture Festival is formerly known as the Shiqiao Chinese Rose Flower Show. In 2019, the 2019 WFRS Regional Convention was also hosted in Nanyang. In 2020, Nanyang was approved by the World Chinese Rose Federation to host the first World Chinese Rose Expo.
Home to chrysanthemums
A poster of chrysanthemums in Kaifeng. [Photo/Henan Daily APP and Dingduan News APP]
In history, Kaifeng has accumulated rich experience in cultivating different varieties of chrysanthemums. During the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127), chrysanthemum cultivation became hot across the nation. As the capital of the Song Dynasty (960-1279), chrysanthemum cultivation was more prevalent in Kaifeng with higher growing skills. At that time, each and every family took pleasure in cultivating and appreciating chrysanthemums. Chrysanthemums in Kaifeng are of good quality, big flowers, moderate height and pure colors. Chrysanthemum has been designated as the "city flower" of Kaifeng with the China Kaifeng Chrysanthemum Culture Festival held from October 18 to November 18 annually.
Home to peonies
A poster of peonies in Luoyang. [Photo/Henan Daily APP and Dingduan News APP]
Known as the "Hometown of Peony", Luoyang started to cultivate peonies during the Sui (581-618) Dynasty. Later in the Tang (618-907) Dynasty, such flowers were at the height of great prosperity. And since the Song Dynasty (960-1279), Luoyang has claimed to have the country's best peonies with their luxuriant blossom. During the peony fair held in April annually, Luoyang will attract huge crowds of people for peony appreciation. Launched in 1983, the China Luoyang Peony Culture Festival is formerly known as the Luoyang Peony Fair and has become an intangible cultural heritage at the national level.
洛阳被称为牡丹之乡，其栽培始于隋，鼎盛于唐，宋时甲于天下。洛阳牡丹花朵硕大，品种繁多，花色奇绝，有红、白、粉、黄、紫、蓝、绿、黑及复色9大色系、10种花型、1000多个品种。每年4月有洛阳牡丹花卉，届时洛阳城花海人潮，竞睹牡丹倩姿芳容。中国洛阳牡丹文化节前身为洛阳牡丹花会，已入选国家非物质文化遗产名录，始于1983年，后升格为国家级节会，更名为“中国洛阳牡丹文化节”。（中文来源/顶端新闻 翻译/赵汉青 审校/李文竞）