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【双语新闻】6654.8亿元!2020年河南外贸总额增速全国第三

2021年01月18日 5725
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Henan's Foreign Trade Growth Rate Ranks Third Nationwide in 2020

6654.8亿元!2020年河南外贸总额增速全国第三

 

News from Zhengzhou Customs on January 15th -- Compared with the same period in 2019, the total import and export volume of Henan's foreign trade has increased by 16.4 percent to 665.48 billion yuan last year, ranking 10th and remaining 1st among all the provinces in China and Central China respectively. The province ranks the 3rd in terms of growth rate, which is 14.5 percentage points higher than the national average.

1月15日,记者从郑州海关了解到,2020年我省进出口总值6654.8亿元,较2019年同期(下同)增长16.4%,高于全国整体增速14.5个百分点,进出口增速居全国第3位,进出口总值居全国第10位,保持中部第1位。

 

Henan's total import and export value exceeded 660 billion yuan for the first time in 2020, hitting a new record high, and maintained over 500 billion yuan in terms of scale for 4 consecutive years, said a source from Zhengzhou Customs.

据郑州海关相关负责人介绍,2020年河南进出口总值首次突破6600亿元大关,再创历史新高,年度进出口总值连续4年保持5000亿元以上规模。

 

Which countries and regions were the largest trade partners of Henan and which experienced faster growth? According to the data provided by Zhengzhou Customs, the US, the ASEAN and the EU (excluding the UK) became Henan's biggest trade partners in 2020 with the volume of 133.45, 86.8 and 84.44 billion dollars respectively.

数据背后,哪些国家和地区是我省最大的贸易伙伴?对哪些地区外贸进出口增速较快?从郑州海关提供的数据来看,美国、东盟和欧盟(27国,不含英国)为我省前三大贸易伙伴。2020年,我省对美国、东盟和欧盟(27国,不含英国)进出口分别为1334.5亿元、868亿元和844.4亿元,并且均保持较高增长。

 

Who contributed the most and who manifested the fastest growth? In terms of import and export value, foreign-invested enterprises ranked first whose contribution was more than 60 percent of the total, while in terms of growth rate, private enterprises were in the first place. To be specific, the import and export reached respectively by foreign-invested, private and state-owned enterprises are 410.07 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 15.7 percent; 202.07 billion yuan, 19 percent; and 47.84 billion yuan, 5.6 percent.

哪类企业贡献最大?哪类企业增速最快?外商投资企业进出口占比超六成,民营企业进出口增速最快。2020年,我省外商投资企业进出口4100.7亿元,增长15.7%;民营企业进出口2020.7亿元,增长19%;国有企业进出口478.4亿元,增长5.6%。

 

Was the positive growth during the COVID-19 caused by Henan's foreign trade structure and quality? On the whole, its processing trade posted a double-digit increase, while its general trade declined. In 2020, the import and export value of processing trade increased by 16.9 percent to 419.56 billion yuan (accounting for 63 percent of the provincial total volume), of general trade rose by 9.1 percent to 219.09 billion yuan (32.9 percent of the total), and of bonded logistics trade up 199.3 percent to 22.63 billion yuan.

“逆势大增”的同时,河南外贸的结构和质量如何?总的来看,加工贸易增速超2位数,一般贸易占比有所下降。2020年,我省以加工贸易方式进出口4195.6亿元,增长16.9%,占全年我省外贸进出口总值的63%;以一般贸易方式进出口2190.9亿元,增长9.1%,占32.9%。以保税物流方式进出口226.3亿元,增长199.3%。

 

What commodities achieved largest export and import quantity? Mechanical and electrical products ranked first, in which mobile phone exports reached 231.48 billion yuan. The import values of integrated circuits, metallic minerals and ores were relatively higher, with each standing at 98.96 billion yuan and 35.19 billion yuan.

哪类产品出口最多?哪些产品进口量最大?全省机电产品出口最多,其中手机出口达2314.8亿元。集成电路和金属矿及矿砂进口较多,分别为989.6亿元和351.9亿元。

 

Which city was at the top in terms of volume and growth rate? Overall, 13 prefecture-level cities (demonstration area) in Henan reported positive growth, with Zhengzhou, Jiyuan and Luoyang ranking the top three, of which Zhengzhou contributed 74.3 percent (494.64 billion yuan) to the provincial total volume. Meanwhile, in terms of growth rate Jiyuan, Hebi and Zhumadian ranked the top three among all cities in Henan.

哪些地方位居前列,哪些地方增速最快?总的来看,全省有13个省辖市(示范区)进出口保持增长,郑州、济源、洛阳进出口值位居全省前三,其中郑州市进出口4946.4亿元,占全省进出口值的74.3%。从进出口增速来看,济源、鹤壁、驻马店增速列全省前三。

 

Henan's foreign trade could not hit a new record without favorable policy, open platform and improved business environment.

河南外贸创下新高,政策支持、开放平台建设和营商环境完善缺一不可。

 

"Last year, we formulated 5 special plans with 61 specific measures to ensure rapid and healthy development of Henan's foreign trade, including stabilizing foreign trade amid pandemic and speeding up the development of China-Europe freight train service," said the source from Zhengzhou Customs. Supported by Zhengzhou Customs, Luoyang Comprehensive Bonded Zone, Kaifeng Comprehensive Bonded Zone, Xuchang Bonded Logistics Center (Type B) and Port Service for Imported Drugs at Zhengzhou Airport were approved successively; Zhengzhou Jingkai Comprehensive Bonded Zone (Phase I) and Minquan Bonded Logistics Center (Type B) have passed official appraisal as well. Besides, 24 affiliated institutions to Zhengzhou Customs across Henan have started operation in 2020.

“去年我们细化出台了‘防疫情稳外贸’、支持中欧班列发展等5个专项方案61项具体措施,服务河南外贸快速健康发展。”郑州海关相关负责人说。在郑州海关推动下,洛阳综保区、开封综保区、许昌保税物流中心(B型)、郑州药品进口口岸先后获批,郑州经开综保区(一期)和民权保税物流中心(B型)先后通过正式验收。2020年,全省24个隶属海关机构全部正式运行。(中文来源/河南日报 翻译/赵汉青 审校/丁岚)


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