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【双语新闻】河南发现近百种重要野生药用植物 包含3种野生药用植物新分布

2020年07月06日 4211
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Around 100 Important Wild Medicinal Plants Found in Henan, Including 3 New Species

河南发现近百种重要野生药用植物 包含3种野生药用植物新分布

 

From June 19 to June 21, School of Pharmacy of Zhengzhou University organized 12 experts from Henan Expert Committee of the Fourth National Survey of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Resources to carry out field surveys at Xiaoqinling National Nature Reserve.

6月19日~6月21日,郑州大学药学院组织第四次全国中药资源普查河南省专家委员会12名专家,赴小秦岭国家级自然保护区开展中药资源调查。

 

At Laoyachanao (2,413.8 meters), the highest peak in Henan, the team made a detailed investigation into TCM species, distributions and reserves, and discovered nearly 100 important wild medicinal plants, including Eucommia ulmoides, Codonopsis pilosula, Paris polyphylla, Rheum officinale, Acanthopanax senticosus, Acanthopanax gracilistylus, Acanthopanax trifoliatus, Caulophyllum robustum Maxim, Bergenia purpurascens, Angelica decursiva, Akebia stem, Daphne giraldii Nitsche, Berberis circumserrata, Paeonia veitchii Lynch, etc.

普查队深入河南省最高峰、海拔2413.8米的老鸦岔垴等重点区域,对中药资源的种类、分布、蕴藏量等进行详细调查,发现了杜仲、党参、重楼、药用大黄、刺五加、细柱五加、白簕、类叶牡丹、岩白菜、紫花前胡、木通、黄瑞香、秦岭小檗、川赤芍等近百种重要野生药用植物资源。

 

On July 4, the reporter learned that apart from the around 100 important wild medicinal plants, three new species were newly found in Henan, namely Rheum palmatum L., Ajania variifolia and Corydalis acuminata, which has made the R&D or artificial planting of these three new species in Henan possible.

7月4日,记者获悉,除了近百种重要野生药用植物外,在此次全国中药资源普查中,还新发现了在河南有分布的三种野生药用植物,分别为掌叶大黄、异叶亚菊、川东紫堇,这为河南进行这三种药用资源的研究开发或人工驯化提供了可能性。

 

Henan, one of the largest TCM provinces in China, is rich in TCM resources. But, Rheum palmatum L., Ajania variifolia and Corydalis acuminata were never recorded in Flora of Henan. Rheum palmatum L., a main source of Rheum officinale, is used in large quantities in clinic, while Ajania variifolia and Corydalis acuminata are used relatively less at present.

河南是中医药大省,中药资源丰富,但掌叶大黄、异叶亚菊、川东紫堇这三种药用植物在《河南植物志》中从未有记载,其中掌叶大黄是中药大黄的主要来源,在临床中用量较大,异叶亚菊、川东紫堇目前药用较少。

 

“Rheum palmatum L. has already been artificially planted in west and northwest China, but not yet in Henan. The discovery this time shows that the conditions of the high altitude area in west Henan are favorable for its planting. Relevant studies and evaluation can be carried out in the future, which will provide a strong support for the artificial planting and cultivation of Rheum palmatum L. in Henan.” Chen Suiqing, chairman of Henan Expert Committee of the Fourth National Survey of TCM Resources, told the reporter.

“掌叶大黄在我国西部和西北部地区都实现了人工栽培,但我省目前还没有。此次发现说明我省西部高海拔地区具备其生长条件,后期可进行相关的研究和评价,为进一步人工驯化和栽培提供依据。”第四次全国中药资源普查河南省专家委员会主任委员陈随清说。

 

It is reported that the Fourth National Survey of TCM Resources was started in Henan in 2013 and will be completed in 2021, aiming to survey the species, distributions and reserves of the wild and artificial TCM resources across the province.

据悉,第四次全国中药资源普查于2013年在河南正式开始,普查内容包括全省野生及人工中药资源种类、分布、储藏量等,将于明年全部结束。(中文综合自河南日报 大河健康报 编译 赵汉青 审校 白玉杰)


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