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【双语新闻】黄河边发现大型古墓群 出土文物2000余件

2020年05月27日 5049
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Ancient Tombs Found on the Bank of the Yellow River

黄河边发现大型古墓群 出土文物2000余件

 

News from Sanmenxia Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology on May 26 – over 600 tombs of different periods and over 2,000 cultural relics are discovered by the archaeologists from Sanmenxia Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology.

5月26日,记者从河南省三门峡市文物考古研究所获悉,该所文物考古工作者在黄河边发现大型古墓群,共有多个时期墓葬600多座,出土文物2000余件。


The bronze pot with a curved neck in the shape of a swan discovered from an ancient tomb in Sanmenxia. [Photo provided to Henan Daily]


According to Zheng Lichao, head of Sanmenxia Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, the newly discovered ancient tombs are located at Houchuan village of Binhu district, Sanmenxia city, around 500 meters north to the Yellow River. Since October 2017, 3 archaeological excavations have been conducted for the shantytown renovation project, where 37.6 thousand square meters of the site have been excavated. Over 600 tombs were mainly built in the Qin, Han, Tang, Song, Ming and Qing dynasties, among which nearly 300 tombs from the Qin and the Han dynasties.

三门峡市文物考古研究所所长郑立超介绍说,这个古墓群位于三门峡市湖滨区后川村,北距黄河约500米。从2017年10月起,他们配合棚户区改造项目,对这个位置进行了3次考古勘探发掘,勘探面积3.76万平方米,发现多个时期墓葬600多座。这些墓葬主要集中在秦汉、唐宋和明清时期,尤以秦汉时期墓葬为多,有近300座。


The bronze pot with a curved neck in the shape of a swan discovered from an ancient tomb in Sanmenxia. [Photo provided to Henan Daily]


So far, archaeologists have excavated 602 tombs and unearthed over 2,000 sets (pieces) of cultural relics, including potteries, bronze wares, iron wares, ornaments made of gold, silver and jade, porcelains, stone tools, bone and clam artifacts. A batch of rare cultural relics are also discovered here, such as a bronze pot with a curved neck in the shape of a swan, sword decorated with jade articles, bronze belt hook with jade ornaments, and bronze wares with inscriptions, etc. Among the burial items of the Qin and Han dynasties, some seals with “陕亭” or ”陕市” were found; and the descriptions of “Shanzhou” was recorded in the epitaphs of the periods of Tang, Song, Jin, and Yuan dynasties.

目前,文物考古工作者已经发掘墓葬602座,出土陶器、铜器、铁器、金银玉器、瓷器、石器、骨蚌器等各类器物逾2000件套(枚),其中不乏鹅首曲颈壶、玉剑具、镶玉铜带钩以及有铭铜器等一批造型独特、制作精美,有较高历史价值与艺术价值的稀有随葬品。在秦汉时期随葬品上,有“陕亭”“陕市”的戳印;在唐宋金元时期的墓志中,有关于陕州的直接记载。

 

Experts believe that, judging from the relatively orderly sequence and the close distance to the old city of Shanzhou, the site is assumed to be the public tomb area of Shanzhou at that time. In addition, the discovery of the large-scale ancient-tomb site reveals the history of Sanmenxia from prosperity to decline with the transfer of political center in ancient times and provides numbers of valuable data for the tomb’s evolution in Sanmenxia.

专家认为,这些墓葬排列较为有序,同时期墓葬相互之间很少有打破关系。墓葬群离陕州故城较近,应该是历代陕州城的集中墓区。并表示,这个大型古墓群的发现与挖掘,揭示了随着政治中心的转移,三门峡地区逐步由兴盛走向衰落的过程;大量秦人墓葬和西汉墓葬的发掘,为三门峡地区墓葬演变提供了十分宝贵的资料。(中文来源/新华社 记者/李丽静 翻译/赵汉青 审校/焦丹)


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