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【双语新闻】2018年河南人口发展报告公布 城镇化率增幅全国第一

2019年06月17日 13517
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2018年河南人口发展报告公布 城镇化率增幅全国第一

Henan Population Development Report 2018 Published, Showing that Henan’s Growth Rate in Urbanization Ranks the First Place in China

 

大河网讯 6月14日,河南省统计局发布2018年河南人口发展报告显示,河南省2018年末总人口为10906万人,常住人口居全国第三位,城镇化率增幅位居全国第一。

On June 14, Henan Statistics Bureau released the Henan Population Development Report 2018, which shows that the total population of Henan province reached 109.06 million by the end of 2018, ranking the third place concerning the number of permanent residents and the first place in terms of growth rate in urbanization in China.

 

郑州常住人口最多

Zhengzhou has the largest permanent resident population

 

根据2018年全省人口抽样调查统计,河南省2018年末总人口为10906万人,常住人口9605万人,占全国总人口的6.9%。

According to the population sampling survey of Henan province in 2018, the total population of Henan was 109.06 million by the end of 2018, with 96.05 million permanent residents, accounting for 6.9% of the total population.

 

18个省辖市中,郑州市常住人口增长最多,比2017年增加26万人,达到1014万人,首次跨入千万人口城市行列,成为河南省常住人口最多的城市。

Among 18 prefecture-level cities, Zhengzhou has the highest growth rate in long-term residents, with an increase of 260 thousand people over 2017, reaching 10.14 million, which has made Zhengzhou a city with the largest permanent population in Henan.

 

报告显示,2018年全省出生人口127万人,比2017年减少13万人;出生率为11.72‰,比2017年下降1.23个千分点。河南省统计局有关负责人表示,按当前育龄妇女数量、结构和生育水平测算,今后一段时期河南省每年的出生人口数量会继续减少。

According to the report, 1.27 million people were born in Henan in 2018, 130 thousand fewer than that in 2017, with a birth rate of 11.72‰, 1.23 points lower than previous year (2017). According to the current number, structure and fertility level of women of childbearing age, the annual number of births in Henan will continue to decline for a period of time, said Henan Statistics Bureau.

 

城镇化增幅位居全国第一

Zhengzhou’s growth rate in urbanization ranks the first place in China

 

报告显示,2018年河南省居住在城镇的常住人口4967万人,常住人口城镇化率为51.71%,比2017年末提高1.55个百分点,城镇化率增幅位居全国第一。

According to the report, there were 49.67 million permanent residents living in Henan’s urban area in 2018, with an urbanization rate of 51.71%, 1.55 percentage points higher than the number at the end of 2017. The urbanization rate ranked the first place in China.

 

河南省统计局有关负责人指出,三年来我省城镇化的发展迈出了三大步:一是2016年城镇化率在全国的位次上升二位,由第27位上升到第25位;二是2017年全省常住人口城镇化率突破50%,达到50.16%,实现了由农业人口大省向新型城镇化人口大省的华丽转身;三是2018年城镇化率增幅跃居全国第一。

According to Henan Statistics Bureau, Henan’s urbanization has made three big strides in the past three years: first, the ranking of urbanization rate in 2016 jumped from the 27th to 25th place in China; second, the urbanization rate of permanent residents in Henan in 2017 exceeded 50%, reaching 50.16%, realizing a splendid transformation from a province with a large agricultural population to a province with a large urbanization population; and third, the urbanization rate in 2018 ranked the first place in China.

 

河南省城镇化快速发展的同时,发展质量和内涵也在不断提升。2018年全省城镇人口中使用市政统一供水的人口占83.0%,通过市政统一的生活垃圾无害化处理覆盖人口占91.8%。

Apart from the development speed, the development quality and connotation are also constantly improving. In 2018, Henan’s urban population using municipal unified water supply was 83.0%, and the population covered by unified non-hazardous disposal of municipal solid waste reached 91.8%.

 

仍处人口红利阶段

Demographic dividend still remains

 

近年来,劳动适龄人口比重下降,老年人口比重上升,人口老龄化逐年加深,是河南省人口结构的基本特征。报告指出,2018年河南省人口总抚养比为47.18%,自2008年达到最低后连续10年上升。

In recent years, the proportion of working-age population has decreased, while the elderly population has increased, so the aging population has grown year by year, which is the basic population structure of Henan. The total dependency ratio in Henan was 47.18% in 2018, rising for 10 consecutive years after reaching its lowest level in 2008, the report said.

 

统计数据表明,2018年河南常住人口中,15~64岁和65岁及以上人口分别占常住人口的比重为67.94%和10.61%。与2017年相比,15~64岁人口比重下降0.46个百分点,65岁及以上老年人口比重上升0.42个百分点。

Statistics show that in 2018, Henan’s permanent residents aged 15 to 64, and 65 or above, reached 67.94% and 10.61% respectively. Compared with 2017, the proportion of the population aged 15 to 64 decreased by 0.46 percentage points, while that of the elderly aged 65 and above increased by 0.42 percentage points.

 

这意味着,我省依然处在人口红利的阶段。但是,“受出生人口下降以及人口年龄结构的影响,加之劳动适龄人口外出到省外务工经商,预计老龄化将继续加重。”省统计局有关负责人说。

This means Henan’s demographic dividend still remains. But, “It is expected that the aging population will continue to increase due to the population age structure and the decline of the newly-born population, as well as the working-age population going to work or do business outside the province,” said Henan Statistics Bureau.

 

值得注意的是,郑州市作为国家中心城市,人口的吸纳力持续增强,36.8%的外省流入河南人口以及59.8%的省内跨市流动人口流入到了郑州市。(记者樊霞 编译赵汉青)

It is worth noting that as a national central city, Zhengzhou’s talent attractiveness continues to increase, with 36.8% of the population flowing into Henan from other provinces, and 59.8% of the population flowing into Zhengzhou from other cities within the province.




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